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Disclosure in Publications

The scientific community and the public are best served by open publication and presentation of financial disclosures for readers, reviewers and colleagues to evaluate. In addition, many scientific journals and funding agencies have implemented requirements for authors to disclose related financial interests to improve the integrity of science and manage financial conflicts of interest. Full disclosure removes the suspicion that something of relevance to objectivity is being hidden and allows readers to form their own opinions on whether a financial conflict of interest exists and what relevance it may have to the study.

In order to better deal with Investigators’ outside financial interests, the Conflict of Interest Oversight Committee (COIOC) of UC Irvine is now requiring disclosure of related financial interests in publications and presentations to promote transparency. The disclosing individual will be required to embed a financial interest disclosure in the text of the publication, either in the footnotes or in the acknowledgement section, whether or not such disclosure is or is not also required by the journal. Similarly, the COIOC will also require researchers to include a slide concerning the disclosure in all presentations of their research.

The following are examples of how a financial interest with an outside entity should be disclosed in publications of research results:

Example #1:

These studies were supported by a grant from NIH (Award #________________). Joe Doe has an equity interest in XYZ, Inc., a company that may potentially benefit from the research results, and also serves on the company's Scientific Advisory Board. The terms of this arrangement have been reviewed and approved by the University of California, Irvine in accordance with its conflict of interest policies.

Example #2:

This study was funded in part by the University of California Discovery Program Project #S00-00 with matching funds from industrial partner XYZ, Inc. Jane Doe is the scientific founder of XYZ, Inc. and has an equity interest in the company. In addition, Bill Moe receives income from XYZ, Inc. for serving on the Scientific Advisory Board. The terms of this arrangement have been reviewed and approved by the University of California, Irvine in accordance with its conflict of interest policies.

Example #3:

Dr. John Doe receives research funding from XYZ, Inc., which is developing products related to the research described in this paper. In addition, the author serves as a consultant to XYZ, Inc., and receives compensation for these services. The terms of this arrangement have been reviewed and approved by the University of California, Irvine in accordance with its conflict of interest policies.

Example #4:

The University of California, Irvine has a financial [ownership] interest in X Biotech, the company sponsoring this research. Jane Doe and the University of California, Irvine may financially benefit from this interest if the company is successful in marketing its product(s) that is/are related to this research. The terms of this arrangement have been reviewed and approved by the University of California, Irvine in accordance with its conflict of interest policies.

Example #5:

These studies were supported by a grant from the NIH (Grant #________________). Principal Investigator _______________ has an equity interest in XYZ, Inc, and also serves on the Scientific Advisory Board. The terms of this arrangement have been reviewed and approved by the University of California, Irvine in accordance with its conflict of interest policies.

Please Note: In addition to the guidelines stated above, journals have different standards about publishing financial relationships. For additional examples on how to incorporate such language, access guidance from the International Committee of Medical Journals Editors and the American Chemical Society Publications.

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