A patent for an invention is the grant of a property right from a country’s patent office to the inventor which excludes others from making, using, offering for sale, selling or importing the invention into the country that granted the patent. US patent grants are effective only within the territories of the United States and are granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office. To seek patent protection in other countries, a patent application must be made to the individual country’s patent office and that office must grant the patent. Public disclosure of inventions eliminates application for foreign patent protection and limits protection to the US and that is assuming a patent application is filed to the USPTO within one year of public disclosure.