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Guidelines for Registering with ClinicalTrials.gov



What is ClinicalTrials.gov?

ClinicalTrials.gov is a publicly available registry and results database of federally and privately supported clinical trials conducted in the United States and around the world. The purpose of ClinicalTrials.gov is to disclose to the public key information about clinical trials that are currently available or that have been conducted. ClinicalTrials.gov captures significant summary protocol information before and during the trial as well as summary results and adverse event information of a completed trial.  Federal laws and regulations as well as editors of prominent medical journals require registration of a clinical trial, as described below.



Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Regulation for Clinical Trials Registration and Results Information Submission – Final Rule

DHHS Required Registration and Reporting:

The Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act (FDAAA) established legal requirements for sponsors and designated principal investigators (i.e., responsible parties) to report specified clinical trial information for certain applicable clinical trials to ClinicalTrials.gov.

In addition to registration, the statute established a system and mandate for reporting summary results information within certain time frames, independent of decisions about journal publication.

The FDAAA’s registration requirements are designed to provide potential participants with information about trials of interest. The registration requirements also serve to enable funders and others to determine the need for new trials; provide a more complete listing of clinical trials to inform the medical evidence base; and enable the scientific community to examine the overall state of clinical research as a basis for engaging in quality-improvement efforts (e.g., with regard to research methods).



What Does the DHHS Final Rule Mean to Researchers at UCI?

UCI Researchers who are considered the ‘Responsible Party’ are required to register their clinical trial with Clinicaltrials.gov if their study meets the definition of an Applicable Clinical Trial – or ACT. In addition to the initial registration, the Responsible Party must update the registration as applicable and within the necessary timeframe.  For more specific information, please review the below table and visit www.clinicaltrials.gov.



Table 1: Key Elements of the DHHS Final Rule

Effective Date

January 18, 2017
Compliance date is April 18, 2017

Responsible Party to register study and study-results to ClinicalTrials.gov

Responsible party is considered to be the study sponsor (i.e., IND or IDE holder or the initiator of the study, considered the grantee organization for NIH-funded trials) or a sponsor-designated PI who is responsible for conducting the study, and has access to and control over the clinical data to analyze the data and publish the results

Applicable Clinical Trials (ACT)

Applicable Device Clinical Trial

Definition:

(1) A prospective clinical study of health outcomes comparing an intervention with a device [21 U.S.C. 321(h)] product subject to section 510(k), 515, or 520(m) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) (21 U.S.C. 360(k), 21 U.S.C. 360e, 21 U.S.C. 360j(m)) against a control in human subjects (other than a small clinical trial to determine the feasibility of a device product, or a clinical trial to test prototype device products where the primary outcome measure relates to feasibility and not to health outcomes); (2) a pediatric postmarket surveillance of a device product as required under section 522 of the FD&C Act (21 U.S.C. 3601); or (3) a clinical trial of a combination product with a device primary mode of action under 21 CFR Part 3, provided that it meets all other criteria of the definition under this part. [Source: 42 CFR 11.10(a); 81 FR 65139]

Criteria:

  • The study is a pediatric postmarket surveillance of a device product as required by FDA under section 522 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 3601)

OR

  • The study is a clinical trial with one or more arms that meets all of the following criteria:
    • Study type is interventional
    • Primary purpose of the clinical trial is other than a feasibility study
    • The clinical trial studies a U.S. FDA-regulated device product
    • One or more of the following applies:
      • At least one facility location is within the United States or one of its territories
      • A device product under investigation is a product manufactured in and exported from the U.S. or one of its territories for study in another country
      • The clinical trial has a U.S. Food and Drug Administration IDE [21 CFR part 812] Number

Applicable Drug Clinical Trial

Definition:

A controlled clinical investigation, other than a phase 1 clinical investigation, of a drug [21 USC 321(g)(1)] product subject to section 505 [page 180] of the FD&C Act (21 U.S.C. 355) or a biological product subject to section 351 of the Public Health Service Act (PHS Act) (42 U.S.C. 262), where “clinical investigation” has the meaning given in 21 CFR 312.3 and “phase 1” has the meaning given in 21 CFR 312.21.  A clinical trial of a combination product with a drug primary mode of action under 21 CFR Part 3 is also an applicable drug clinical trial, provided that it meets all other criteria of the definition under this part. [Source: 42 CFR 11.10(a); 81 FR 65139]

Criteria:

  • A clinical trial with one or more arms that meets the following conditions is an applicable drug clinical trial:
    • Study type is interventional
    • Study phase is other than phase 1
    • The clinical trial studies a U.S. FDA-regulated drug product
    • One or more of the following applies:
      • At least one facility location for the clinical trial is within the United States or one of its territories
      • A drug product (including a biological product) under investigation is a product manufactured in and exported from the U.S. or one of its territories for study in another country
      • The clinical trial has a U.S. Food and Drug Administration IND Number

Exclusions

The following types of studies are generally excluded from the registration and results submission requirements of FDAAA 801. This is not a complete list.

  • Phase 1 drug trials, including studies in which investigational drugs are used as research tools to explore biological phenomena or disease processes
  • Small clinical trials to determine the feasibility of a device or a clinical trial to test prototype devices, where the primary outcome measure relates to feasibility and not to health outcomes
  • Trials that do not include drugs, biologics, or devices (such as behavioral interventions)
  • Non-interventional (observational) clinical research (such as cohort or case-control studies)
  • Trials that were ongoing as of September 27, 2007, and reached the Completion Date (see Primary Completion Date data element on ClinicalTrials.gov) before December 26, 2007

Note: Trial may be subject to the Voluntary Submissions provision of FDAAA 801.

For complete statutory definitions and more information on the meaning of Applicable Clinical Trial, see Elaboration of Definitions of Responsible Party and Applicable Clinical Trial.

Submission of Registration and Results to ClinicalTrials.gov 

Registrationnot later than 21 days after enrollment of the first participant

Resultsnot later than 12 months after primary completion date

Compliance

Under the statute, responsible parties, including, for example, grantee institutions, could be held accountable for noncompliance, with the potential for substantial civil monetary penalties, the withholding of grant funding from HHS agencies, and criminal proceedings.

Additional Resources

Summary of changes from current practice

Applicable Clinical Trial [Checklist]

Responsible Party

Timelines

FAQs

2016 NEJM article

UCI HRP EQUIP Tool/Checklist for DHHS Final Rule on ClinicalTrials.gov



National Institutes of Health (NIH) Policy on the Dissemination of NIH-Funded Clinical Trial Information

NIH Required Registration and Reporting:

The purpose of the policy is to promote broad and responsible dissemination of information from NIH-funded clinical trials through ClinicalTrials.gov. Disseminating this information supports the NIH mission to advance the translation of research results into knowledge, products, and procedures that improve human health.



What Does the NIH Policy Mean to Researchers at UCI?

The NIH Policy on Dissemination of NIH-funded Clinical Trial Information establishes the expectation that all NIH-funded awardees and investigators conducting clinical trials, funded in whole or in part by the NIH, will ensure that their NIH-funded clinical trials are registered at, and that summary results information is submitted to, ClinicalTrials.gov for public posting.

For more specific information, please review the below table and visit www.clinicaltrials.gov.



Table 2: Key Elements of the NIH Policy

Scope/Applicability

All NIH-funded clinical trials regardless of study phase, type of intervention, or whether they are subject to the regulation:

Definition

A research study in which one or more human subjects are prospectively assigned to one or more interventions (which may include placebo or other control) to evaluate the effects of those interventions on health-related biomedical or behavioral outcomes. [decision tree (pdf)]

Responsibilities

  1. Applicants seeking NIH funding will be required to submit a plan for the dissemination of NIH-funded clinical trial information that will address how the expectations of this policy will be met:
    • if the NIH-funded clinical trial is an applicable clinical trial under the regulation and the awardee or investigator is the responsible party*, the awardee or investigator will ensure that all regulatory requirements are met
    • if the NIH-funded clinical trial is an applicable clinical trial under the regulation but the awardee or investigator is not the responsible party*, the awardee or investigator will coordinate with the responsible party* to ensure that all regulatory requirements are met
    • if the NIH-funded clinical trial is not an applicable clinical trial under the regulation, the awardee or investigator will be responsible* for carrying out the tasks and meeting the timelines described in regulation (such tasks include registering the clinical trial in ClinicalTrials.gov and submitting results information to ClinicalTrials.gov)
  2. Informed Consent documents for clinical trials within all of the above categories are to include a specific statement relating to posting of clinical trial information at ClinicalTrials.gov
  3. Each NIH-funded clinical trial should have only one entry in ClinicalTrials.gov that contains its registration and results information [expectations for clinical trial registration and summary results will be included in the terms and conditions of the NIH award]

* Responsible Party for Registration [definition]

Submission to ClinicalTrials.gov
Timeline

Registration:  Not later than 21 days after enrollment of the first participant

Results:  Not later than 12 months after primary completion date

Compliance

Noncompliance with the terms and conditions of the NIH award may provide a basis for enforcement actions [45 CFR 75.371, 42 CFR 11.66]
   

Additional Resources

NIH Office of Science Policy – Clinical Trials

General Information Summary

FAQs               

UCI HRP EQUIP Tool/Checklist for NIH Policy on ClinicalTrials.gov

NIH online decision tree for the definition of an NIH clinical trial (pdf)

NIH Notices



What is the Specific Wording Required in the UCI Consent Form?

In the UCI IRB consent form in the section “WHO WILL HAVE ACCESS TO MY STUDY DATA?” include the following statement (This statement must be included verbatim):

“ClinicalTrials.gov is a Web site that provides information about clinical trials.  A description of this clinical trial will be available on http://www.clinicaltrials.gov as required by U.S. Law.  This Web site will not include information that can identify you.  At most, the Web site will include a summary of the results. You can search this Web site at any time.”



Creating a profile on ClinicalTrials.gov

For research that meets one of the above definitions (see tables 1 and 2 above), and are conducted within a department at the School of Medicine, please contact Mark Bourbonnais (Mbourbon@hs.uci.edu, 949-682-5440) to create a profile (record) on ClinicalTrials.gov.

For all other research that meets one of the above definitions (see tables 1 and 2 above), and are not conducted within a department at the School of Medicine, please contact Laverne Estañol (Lestanol@uci.edu, 949-824-4704) to create a profile (record) on ClinicalTrials.gov.

 

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